I am Huszákné Czencz Marietta, I have been painting Easter eggs in the southest corner of Sárköz, in Báta, in Hungary since 1960.
 
 

Báta is a 900-year-old, 4-5 km long settlement, which can be found between the mountain range of Szekszárd (the Downs of Tolna country) famous for its tasty wine and the old Danube.

This village has historical traditions. As excavations have proved, the military road from Eszék to Óbuda (Aquincum) crossed the village. A milestone is also displayed in the Museum Of Szekszárd. During the reign Stephen I.. Báta was mentioned as the fishing-village of the abbacy of Pécsvárad. Cumanians and Pechenegs were settled down by Ladislas I. The people of Sárköz, thus the one of Báta are the descendants of the Cumanians and Pechenegs.

János Hunyadi defeated Gara palatine in the lowlands north of Báta. That is why Báta became the secred place of the Hunyadis paying tribute to it. On the ruins of the monastery a beatiful Neo-Roman church was dedicated on 1st October in 1939 to commemorate the Hunyadis in Báta, which was named Sacred Blood.

According to the oral tradition the nanny of Dorottya Kanizsai was a bondswoman from Báta. The noble lady learned the craftsmanship of hand-woven from her .

Louis II. confessed his sins in the other old church of the village before his going to the battle of Mohács. After the catastrophe of Mohács Dorottya Kanizsai had some bondsmen from Báta and Szegcsõ for the burial. The Turks set the monastery of Báta on fire and murdered many of the monks.

The residents of Báta fled from the Turks to the neighbouring moors of Sárköz and the washland. After the retreat of the Turks they returned to the village, men were fishing while women grew hemp and flax, span and wove.

I have been living in this village with historical roots, which is surrounded by natural beauty beyond description. These surroundings have inspired me to start painting Easter eggs.

The residents of the village have always been keen on beauty. It is reflected in their national costume, folk-dance, their hand-wowen and painted Easter eggs.
 
Though it is not known since when, but painting Easter eggs is a time-honoured custom in Báta.
In the other villages of Sárköz painting eggs has no tradition.

Painting eggs as a tradition can be found in other regions of the country, but such decorated and elaborately painted ones can be seen only in Báta and Transylvania. They are the most colourful in their painting techniques and drawings similarly to their national costumes, which were full of colours and ornaments.

At Easter giving eggs as present was an ancestral custom in Báta. The god-mother presented her name-child with painted eggs and 4 pence.

Easter sprinkling was not a tradition in Báta. The painting was made on the egg-shell of boiled eggs.

The forerunners of the recent elaborately decorated eggs were simpler patterns. Nowadays the painting is made on the egg-shell of eggs after being blown out.

Based on the oral tradition the youngsters sent the most beautifully painted eggs to their beloved in the 'plate of the fiancée'. The plate of the fiancée is a kind of ornamented platter which bottom baked pretzels were sticked on. In the middle of the pretzels a bottle of wine is placed surrounded by painted eggs. On the top of the bottle a small cashmere shawl with its four angles curved up was fixed, on which a csardas ribbon bound up in a bunch was pinned.

The plate of the fiancée was carried by young girls of 10-11 years old on Easter Sunday. It was sent to young men by girls and to houses with young girls by young men. The girls asked whether they accepted it or not. The plate of the fiancée was greeted everywhere. The egg sent were replaced by thier own ones and their own home-made eggs were forwarded.
 

In our village Dér Józsefné, Treszka nanny was the traditionalist, who was awarded with the master of folk art. The survival of the traditional motives is her and her mother's merit.
 
I have learnt painting eggs from her as she lived next door.

All motives have had their own names: "tulips", "back of a frog", "birds", "hearts", "ribbons", "rosettes", "vine-leaf", "wreath",  "halter of a horse",  "violets", "pansies", "acorns", "cherries", "fish", "coat of arms", "pinks", "chains", and "foliation".

The decorations are drawn by a styler called kica with beeswax in batik techniques, then the eggs are plunged in certain paints, the different colours and patterns become visible after scrubbing the beeswax.

 
Applying the traditional patterns I have worked out other techniques. 

The motives are drawn in black outline, but painted in colours, in those ones, which are vivid in the national costumes. The Easter bunny is also painted on the eggs for children. A kind tale comes to life on the eggs with bunny. The youngest bunny is the most skilful in the family. That is why he is painting the eggs, while the she and he bunnies are taking the Easter eggs in butts and baskets in the national costume of Báta to the children.

 
Eggs in plain white decorated with plain patterns and golden contours can be found among my pieces of work,which are more acceptable to the recent people.

In the below pictures the patterns of Sárköz in colourful base with lace-like drawing can be seen on the eggs. This technique follows the tradition. There was a very deep-rooted and meticulously sewn embroidery, which was called "knick-knack", a white embroidery in black. 

I try to turn to folk applied arts with my new techniques, I paint eggs not only by using and reproducing the old motives, but also creating new ones.

I would be happy if You liked my pieces of work and they gave You such a pleasure when seeing them as to me when I am preparing them.

If You liked my work and would like to buy some, please contact me.
Eggs on hand in greater quantity is also available.


Huszákné Czencz Marietta
Contact me in e-mail  on the addressRühl Gizella

Az oldalt összeállította: Rühl Gizella